Collaborative Paper

Endothelial cell function is enhanced by bioactive lipids such as prostacyclin and sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) when bound to its chaperone apolipoprotein M (ApoM). Lin et al. generated a fusion protein called A1M to promote both S1P and prostacyclin signaling. A1M consisted of ApoM and ApoA1, a structural component of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) that stabilizes prostacyclin. When bound to S1P or a prostacyclin analog, A1M suppressed inflammation and increased the barrier function of cultured endothelial cells. In mouse models of acute or systemic inflammation, S1P-loaded A1M suppressed neutrophil infiltration, increases in circulating proinflammatory factors, and cytokine storm. The ApoA1 moiety of A1M therefore provides additional benefits over previously engineered S1P chaperones.

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